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Lá an Neamhspleáchais sna Stáit Aontaithe Mheiriceá
NB: “Lá na Saoirse” more common as Gaeilge (for all instances not just USA)
We did the rest of the "(N) a (VN) Exercise" sheet! I do believe that finishes off the backlog of unreviewed homework.
Then we reviewed the answers for last class's homework, "An (ainmfhocal) - The (noun) [Part One]". (Well, actually we paused for pizza and THEN we got back to business!) This was a quick little sheet where you were asked to lenite (or not) consonant-initial nouns after "an" and then add "t-" (or not) to vowel-initial nouns. Mostly review, though the vowel stuff was newish.
This left us with one set of nouns left to handle: s-initial nouns. There's a noun gender division here too: prefix "t" (no dash) to feminine nouns:
|sagart (m.) "a priest"||an sagart "the priest"|
|sráid (f.) "a street"||an tsráid "the street"|
However, not all s-words can be affected by mutation, either regular lenition or t-prefixing. How do you know which is which? I struggled with this for many years and then noticed that if the consonant that comes right after the 's' is lenitable (in spelling) were it on its own, then the consonant cluster cannot be changed. See me in class if you can't picture it from this description, it's easiest to explain with a writing surface for multiple examples.
New homework for you: "More fun with the singular definite article (an) and nouns." The first side presents you with simple "an + N" phrases and you are to circle M, F or X depending on whether you can tell just from the mutation on the noun (or lack thereof) what the noun's gender is. This is not an exercise in knowing the gender of every noun on the sheet! It is an exercise in knowing your mutation rules and what they can tell you and when they can't tell you anything. The second side has a bunch of nouns that start with 's' and you get to practice your new knowledge.
We didn't get a chance to continue reading "Cé hí Hilda," probably because we used that time to eat delicious pizza earlier in the evening.
Worksheet: "More fun with the singular definite article (an) and nouns"
An Ghluaiseacht ar son Cearta Daoine Aeracha in Éirinn
More working through the backlog of homework! We worked together to compose some examples using the "noun a VN" structure, ex:
Ní maith le hÉamonn soithí a ní/níochán.
Tá/Bíonn Lynn sásta léamh i gcónaí.
Tá Willow ag iarraidh Gaeilge a fhoghlaim ach níl muid ag cuidiú léi.
Tá/Bíonn ar Mhelissa oibriú (nó "obair a dhéanamh") i gcónaí.
We finally got back to PI 7, which I'd asked you to do in both singular and plural imperatives. Some nice review of Type I and II endings, and watching out for stem changes in the irregulars and stealth irregulars.
And, we got to spend about 20 minutes reading the first few pages of "Cé Hí Hilda" -- that was a nice change of pace.
We reviewed what to do to nouns after an "the" -- lenite consonants where possible/allowed (except 's', we'll talk about that later) on feminine nouns, and I officially gave you responsibility for knowing to prefix t- to masculine nouns that start with a vowel. You saw this back in PI 2 but I glossed over it while we got some other underpinnings in place. Examples:
|fear (m.) "a man"||an fear "the man"|
|fuinneog (f.) "a window"||an fhuinneog "the window"|
|dáil (f.) "a meeting; an assembly"||An Dáil
('d' doesn't lenite after "an")
|taibhse (f.) "a ghost"||an taibhse
('t' doesn't lenite after "an")
|oileán (m.) "an island"||an t-oileán "the island"|
|oíche (f.) "a night"||an oíche "the night"|
I whipped up a worksheet to help you practice this a bit, let me know if you missed class and would like me to e-mail a PDF to you.
Comments and questions are welcome via e-mail