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Rewrite the following sentences using “is maith le” -- we presume that these people like the activities they're doing -- and the appropriate prepositional pronoun (liom, leat, srl).
1. Tá Ruairí ag damhsa.
2. Tá mé ag éisteacht le ceol.
3. Tá mo sheanmháthair ag garraíodóireacht.
4. Tá Róisín agus Liam ag snámh.
5. Tá tú ag breathnú ar an teilifís.
6. Tá mise agus Mícheál ag ól.
7. Tá sibh ag gáire.
A couple of extra items for your possible interest. One, you've now learned a way to ask about specific likes and dislikes: An maith leat X? To inquire more generally, you might hear:
Cén cineál [ceoil/spóirt/srl.] is maith leat? "What kind [of music/sports/etc] do you like?"
Cén sórt [ceoil/spóirt/srl.] is maith leat? "What sort [of music/sports/etc] do you like?"
Two, there's another verb that is frequently used to talk about liking things, and we'll get into it more down the road but as a sneak preview here it is:
Taitníonn X liom. "I like X."
The big advantage to using the verb 'taitin' is that it's a normal verb and it's easy to change its tense (once you know how to change tenses).
Taitneoidh 'The Last Jedi' leat. "You'll enjoy 'The Last Jedi'."
Thaitin 'Wonder Woman' go mór liom. "I really enjoyed 'Wonder Woman'."
We went over last week's homework, which was to review how to ask these questions in Irish -- one example of each is below, though in class we mentioned when there were options:
"What’s your name?" - Cén t-ainm atá ort?
"How are you?" - Cén chaoi a bhfuil tú?
"Where are you from?" - Cé as thú?
"Where do you live?" - Cá bhfuil tú i do chónaí?
"How long have you been learning Irish?" - Cén fhad atá tú ag foghlaim Gaeilge?
"Have you ever been to Ireland? When?" - An raibh tú in Éirinn riamh? Cén uair?
"Do you like [to swim]?" - An maith leat [snámh]?
"Do you have any brothers or sisters?" - An bhfuil deartháir nó deirfiúr atá agat?
"Are you married?" - An bhfuil tú pósta?
"Do you have any children?" - An bhfuil clann agat?
Then I handed out a sheet that prompted you to do interviews with two classmates, using these or very similar questions. After that I had you choose one interview to write up in paragraph format, to give you practice using the he/she forms rather than the I/you forms (or to point out where you don't know how to change to the he/she form).
The example I constructed for you, after a few minutes letting you think it over, went something like this:
Bhí mé ag caint le Ruairí. Is as California é. Tá sé ina chónaí i mBurnsville. Tá sé ag foghlaim Gaeilge le deich mbliana anuas. Bhí sé in Éirinn dhá bhliain ó shin. Ní maith leis snámh. Is maith leis léamh. Is cuma leis cláracha cainte. Níl deartháir ná deirfiúr ar bith aige. Tá sé pósta. Níl clann aige.
We listed the major variations for talking about guys vs gals:
If you didn't finish and present one such composition, please consider working on it over the break.
1. Is maith leis damhsa.
2. Is maith liom éisteacht le ceol.
3. Is maith léi garraíodóireacht.
4. Is maith leo snámh.
5. Is maith leat breathnú ar an teilifís.
6. Is maith linn ól.
7. Is maith libh gáire.
Write up one of your interviews, and have a nice break
Translation exercise that took longer than expected - good stuff though, right?
Okay so last week we started looking at how to say we like things/activities.
Is maith liom X.
Ní maith liom X.
An maith leat X?
- Is maith. (Yes.)
- Ní maith. (No.)
The variable X might be a noun, or it might be a verbal noun, or it might be a phrase that includes a verbal noun. We reviewed the verbal nouns from PI 1 and the "liking things" handout with a matching exercise and then with a stack of photos.
I also gave you the paradigm for the prepositional pronouns of "le," so you can talk about what other people like and don't like:
liom "with-me" (le + mé)
leat "with-you" (le + thú)
leis "with-him" (le + é)
léi "with-her" (le + í)
linn "with-us" (le + muid) (well actually sinn but let's not get into that now)
libh "with-y'all" (le + sibh)
leo "with-them" (le + iad)
Last week's homework was to write a few sentences about what you like or don't like, and some of you offered one of the things you wrote. Maith sibh!
We've done a lot of learning in the last few months! Your homework is a bit of review....
Review how to ask these questions...and know what your answers would be!
Comments and questions are welcome via e-mail