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Translation exercise that took longer than expected - good stuff though, right?
Okay so last week we started looking at how to say we like things/activities.
Is maith liom X.
Ní maith liom X.
An maith leat X?
- Is maith. (Yes.)
- Ní maith. (No.)
The variable X might be a noun, or it might be a verbal noun, or it might be a phrase that includes a verbal noun. We reviewed the verbal nouns from PI 1 and the "liking things" handout with a matching exercise and then with a stack of photos.
I also gave you the paradigm for the prepositional pronouns of "le," so you can talk about what other people like and don't like:
liom "with-me" (le + mé)
leat "with-you" (le + thú)
leis "with-him" (le + é)
léi "with-her" (le + í)
linn "with-us" (le + muid) (well actually sinn but let's not get into that now)
libh "with-y'all" (le + sibh)
leo "with-them" (le + iad)
Last week's homework was to write a few sentences about what you like or don't like, and some of you offered one of the things you wrote. Maith sibh!
We've done a lot of learning in the last few months! Your homework is a bit of review....
Review how to ask these questions...and know what your answers would be!
We started off by going through a bunch of extra family terms, and reviewing some of the 'where someone is living' phrasing:
me: i mo chónaí
you: i do chónaí
he: ina chónaí
she: ina cónaí
they: ina gcónaí
We crowdsourced on the sentences I asked you all to write about a few relatives and where they live, and I circulated to check on your work and answer specific questions. Maith sibh!
We went over the second half of the "Ag caint faoin muintir" handout.
Then we switched gears. Remember verbal nouns? They're an important building block in the language, which is why it's appropriate that several are given right off the bat in the first lesson of "Progress In Irish." You see them used with the preposition 'ag' to express the progressive form of an activity, ex:
ag ithe -- "eating"
That structure, more generally, is:
ag "at" + _(VN)_ --> _____ing
But verbal nouns are used in other contexts, frequently expressing "to ___," and one of those contexts is when talking about likes and dislikes.
One of the most common ways of talking about something you like uses the phrase "is maith liom _____," as in:
Is maith liom uachtar reoite. "I like ice cream." (Just a noun, there.)
Is maith liom snámh. "I like to swim." (There's a verbal noun in that blank.)
Is maith liom éisteacht leis an raidió. "I like to listen to the radio." (Verbal noun followed by a prepositional phrase, a.k.a an indirect object.)
These sentences can get more complex and I don't want you to worry too much about it right now, but here are a few examples of what happens when you need to use a verbal noun plus a direct object:
Is maith liom uachtar reoite a ithe. "I like to eat ice cream." (VN: ithe, "to eat")
Is maith liom leabhair a léamh. "I like to read books." (VN: léamh, "to read")
Is maith liom caife a ól. "I like to drink coffee." (VN: ól, "to drink")
For now we're going to try to stay away from this last kind of example, and make a concerted effort with it down the line. Let's just say that for the moment I might warn you away from certain statements, and there's a reason for it.
I handed out a sheet with a bunch of vocab related to liking/disliking things or activities and we did a little talking using that vocab. I added a couple phrases:
Is breá liom ____. "I really like ____."
Is fuath liom ____. "I hate _____."
Using the vocab on the sheet, write a few sentences about things you like and dislike.
Comments and questions are welcome via e-mail